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With an average of 85 years, Japan ranks second (after Monaco with 85.5 years) among countries with the highest average life expectancy. © tomoco_sozai, AdobeStock

Global life expectancy and literacy rates increased

The average life expectancy and literacy rates of humanity have significantly increased over the past 200 years, according to data published by French economist Thomas Piketty.

The data also demonstrate that the most significant progress has been made in the 20th century. During this time, Piketty suggests that many countries experienced significant expansion of their welfare states and the implementation of progressive taxation.

People in Moldova have the lowest life expectancy

In Europe, the countries with the lowest life expectancy are the Republic of Moldova, Ukraine, and Russia. Globally, the highest life expectancy is found in San Marino and Hong Kong, where the average life expectancy is 85 years. All countries with the lowest average life expectancy at birth are located in Africa, with the Central African Republic having a life expectancy of only 54 years.

Education and Health Improved Globally

Consequently, Africa is also the continent with the lowest life expectancy. In Europe, people have the longest average lifespan (refer to the statistics on average life expectancy at birth by continent). The global average life expectancy stands at 73 years.

This article is from the 2/2023 issue of the magazine "Life Abroad".

The magazine is published four times a year free of charge with many informative articles on foreign topics.

It is published by the BDAE, the expert for protection abroad.